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Manjaro Linux

We choose Manjaro as the first place because of the same reasons like [here](/content/server/software-suite#software-suite_arch-linux-operating-system). Manjaro Linux is based on Arch Linux. ------

[[TOC]]

1. Requirements

To get your new operating system on your PC you'll need a few things:

Hardware, Software and a little of your time.

 

1.1. Hardware

  • One gigabyte (GB) of memory (RAM)
  • Thirty gigabytes (GB) of hard disk space
  • A one gigahertz (GHz) processor
  • A high definition (HD) graphics card and monitor
  • A broadband internet connection

Note: It is highly advised that you exceed the recommended requirements for a smooth system operation. Factors such the desktop environment (DE) and user specific applications may require more resources.

 

1.1.2. System architecture

The following items are also recommended:

  • A reliable 4GB (or greater) USB stick
  • Keyboard and mice

The USB Stick is necessary for the installation of the system. Also, having a reliable USB stick from a reputable brand will help ensure that the process goes smoothly.

 

1.2. Software

Download the .ISO file from manjaro.org.

1.2.1. Officially supported desktop environments

  • KDE Plasma
  • GNOME
  • XFCE

Manjaro comes in different "flavors". If you have an old system, you can go with the Xfce desktop environment (DE). Xfce is well-known throughout the enthusiast community for being light on system resources by stripping down on unnecessary features whilst keeping a traditional desktop experience. Its user interface (UI) is quite similar to older versions of Windows (such as XP). If you have a relatively modern system (or a system that is sufficiently fast enough), the K Desktop Environment (KDE) will provide all features of a modern desktop environment, boasting beautiful desktop effects and a plethora of customisation options.

A lot of modern laptops now come with touchscreen support. Linux support for touchscreen laptops greatly depends on the desktop environment and the applications the user wants to use. The GNOME desktop environment, while being known for being heavier on resources, is quite well optimised for touch devices.

Every version has their own strength and weaknesses. Here is an overview of the different versions quora.com.

1.2.2. 32-bit support

Why isn't there a 32-bit version available? Many developers, as well as the community, have already moved on to 64-bit. While there may be alternatives that support 32-bit systems, it is unknown how long this support can continue before development is deemed "officially dead". The chances are that you are already runnning a 64-bit system! Dropping 32-bit support also frees up some bandwidth that would have been otherwise used for hosting 32-bit ISOs (images) and packages. Hence, Arch Linux (and therefore Manjaro Linux) are only available in 64-bit.

 

2. How To

The easiest way is to follow the instruction of Manjaro itself. manjaro.org

2.1. BIOS

You have to align the boot-start to your USB-Stick.

Depending on your motherboard, you must press the "esc" or "f2" or "f12" or "end" key immediately after the PC starts.
> check your motherboard/computer manual if no button works or ask us.

Go to:

  1. Boot
  2. BOOT DEVICE PRIORITY (or similar)

Put the USB at the first place (with F5 and F6). Hit the button esc until save changes and reset. Hit enter and yes.

Reboot and choose Start: Boot Manjaro.x86_64 kde.

(After installing your operating system, you need to change back your BIOS settings)

 

2.2. Partition

We recommend to set up 3 partitions. While you may run less than 3 partitions, it was determined that having 3 partitions will enable users to have the greatest amount of flexibility.

  1. Choose root or / and use ext4 partition and encrypt the root partition 40GB should be enough.

  2. The size of the swap partition greatly depends on the amount of system RAM you have. Having the same sized swap partition as the system RAM should be more than sufficient for a majority of users. If you however need more space for other partitions, and if you have greater than or equal to 8GB of RAM, than you could just take half the size of your system RAM (however you'll be giving up hibernation support). You may or may not have heard of a swap file. For the sake of convenience, you should just stick with a partition.

  3. The rest will be for the home or /home partition. First of all, choosing a home partition is very important. If someday you want to try another distribution, you can mount the home partition on any Linux system. This makes it very convenient to try a different distribution without saving your data. But do not forget to save the key from / = “/crypto_keyfile.bin” So choose also the encryption option for the home partition.

(After installing your operating system, you need to change back your BIOS settings)

 

2.3. Recommendation

After installing and restarting your new system, connect your system to the internet and look for the terminal application and copy the following command into the terminal:

sudo pacman-mirrors -f 10 && sudo pacman -Syyu

and follow the instruction.

The above command searches and stores details of 10 recently updated package mirrors, and then forces the system to refresh its package database in order to check for new updates.

Afterwards, install at first yaourt for yay (We know, it’s sounds stupid for the pros here)

sudo pacman -S yaourt && yaourt -S yay && sudo pacman -Rs yaourt

It’s just quicker.

If you are using the KDE version, we recommend disabling “Baloo” (the indexing service for KDE). Baloo checks for files stored on the system, however this can be very resource consuming, and hence can degrade system performance.

Terminal command is:

balooctl disable

That’s it. Now take your time and get familiar with Linux.

 



Problems?

If you encounter problems, simply create an [issue](https://git.pwoss.xyz/desktop/installation/issues).